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Video từ vựng Từ vựng IELTS– Unit 20: The arts

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Từ vựng IELTS – Unit 20: The Arts

Art appreciation

1.1 Which art forms are shown in these pictures?

What do we call the people who do these things?

 

Đáp án:

  1. abstract art/ painting, an artist   
  2. ballet (dancing), ballet dancers or ballerinas  
  3. a portrait, an artist
  4. a play/ the theatre, actors and actresses   
  5. opera, an opera singer   
  6. classical music, an orchestra/ (classical) musicians  
  7. a sculpture, a sculptor

 

1.2   Which of these art forms do you find the most and least appealing?

 

1.3  Read the text making sure you understand the meaning of the words in bold. Use a dictionary if necessary.

The brain of the beholder

The cave figures of Lascaux, Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa, a Cubist painting by Pablo Picasso and the African artefact that inspired Picasso’s work. These works of art are separated by great gulfs in time, different social and political systems, and language divides. Yet despite these variations, there is art in each place and era. That there is a seemingly universal impulse co express oneself this way suggests that human beings are neurologically hardwired for art.

Imagine yourself in the Louvre in Paris, pushing through the throngs to behold the Mona Lisa’s enigmatic smile. Or recall the first time you ever saw the Sydney Opera House. Most likely your skin tingled, you felt a thrill and you paused for a moment of reflection. Even glimpses of mundane objects such as the latest curvaceous kettle, can inspire something similar. Art and design critics will describe how formal qualities like proportion are choreographed to produce the viewer’s rush. But the fact that aesthetic experience can inspire such a biological response suggests that it’s a stimulus neuroscientists could analyse just as deftly.

And that’s exactly what they are doing. In laboratories and galleries around the world, researchers are showing how the organisation of the brain relates to the conception and experience of art. This is the burgeoning field of neuroaesthetics, in which scientists are discovering that rather than transcending the ordinary – art and aesthetics are part of everyday experience. They’re also finding that, in some fundamental ways, art really is an expression of human nature.

 

1.4   Write Yes if these statements agree with the information in the text or No if the statements contradict the information. Write the words in bold that helped you with your answer.

1     Pablo Picasso got the idea for one of his paintings from an ancient work of art from Africa.

2   The desire to create art is limited to certain parts of the world ………..    .

3   When people look at works of art it provokes serious and careful thought ………..    .

4   Ordinary objects can be aesthetically pleasing ………..    .

5    Art critics believe that artistic elements are arranged and combined together in order to create a feeling of excitement ………..    .

6  Researchers are analysing how the brain creates the idea of art ………..  .

7    Neuroaesthetics is failing to catch on in the world of science ………..    .

8   Scientists have discovered that art is a way of rising above everyday life ……….. .

 

Đáp án:

  1. Yes, artefact, inspired
  2. No (universal impulse)
  3. Yes (reflection)
  4. Yes (mundane)
  5. Yes (choreographed)
  6. Yes (conception)
  7. No (burgeoning)
  8. No (transcending)

Performing arts

2.1   You will hear a radio broadcast about three different arts festivals on Bethania island. Listen and complete column A below. Write NO MORE THAN ONE WORD for each answer.

A

 

Living (1) ………..- Week

•  Talks

•  (2) ………..lunches

•  Book (3)…………… .

•  (4) ……….. for children

•  This year’s (5) ………..is Island Life

The (6) ………..Arts

•  A painting (7)………….              .

•  Discussion of the (8) ………..process

•  Workshops at local (9) …………

•  Display of local (10) …………………..            

•   (11) ………..  of  Voices

•  Several performances will be (12)

•   (13) ………..theatre

•  Free (14) …………

 

Đáp án:

  1. Writers’
  2. Literary
  3. fair
  4. Activities
  5. theme
  6. Visual
  7. exhibition 
  8. creative
  9. galleries
  10. crafts  
  11. Festival
  12. interactive
  13. Musical
  14. concerts

 

2.2   Now listen again and find words or phrases to match the definitions in column B.

B

1   the study of art in relation to its beauty =……………………..

2  organised sets of special events  =…………………..

 

3  skilled=     …………………..         

4  creations = ………..         

5  represent or show something in a picture or story = …………

6  make shapes in wood or stone with a knife =…………………..

 

7  describes a show that involves the audience =…………

8  the people gathered to listen to a performance =………………….

9  take part in = …………

10  musical performances = …………………..             

 

Đáp án:

  1. aesthetics
  2. festivals
  3. accomplished
  4. works
  5. depict
  6. carvings  
  7. interactive
  8. audience
  9. participate
  10. concerts

 

2.3  WORD BUILDING Complete the table.

Noun

Verb

Adjective

 

 

creative

culture

 

 

 

influence

 

 

inspire

 

imagination

 

 

 

 

 

 

participate

rich

 

 

Đáp án:

Noun

Verb

Adjective

creation

create

creative

culture

x

cultural/cultured

influence

influence

influential

inspiration

inspire

inspirational

imagination

imagine

imaginative

participant/participation

participate

participatory

richness/enrichment

participate

rich

 

3.1   Try to talk for two minutes about the following topic. Use words from the table in 2.3 if you can.

Describe the type of music that you like. You should say

  • why you enjoy listening to this type of music
  • the times or places when you listen to this music
  • your feelings about music in general and say whether you prefer live or recorded music.

 

 

3.2   You will hear somebody answering the question in 3.1.  Listen and complete the text with no more than two words from the text. You may need to listen twice.

My taste in music is quite 1 ………..and there isn’t really one 2 …………of music that I like. I listen to everything from 3 ………..music to 4 ……….. . Music 5 ………..a very important 6 ……….. in my life, and I listen to it almost constantly. I find that it helps to 7 ………..or to change a 8 ………… . So I tend to choose my music according to who I’m with or what I’m doing. For example, if I’m driving long distances in my car I prefer to play something 9 ………..to help keep me awake, but if I’m having a dinner party with friends then I play something more 10……………………….. . I  think that music helps to 11……………………. me when I’m working, although my colleagues find it 12……….. so I tend to listen with 13 ………..        on. In that way I can 14………………………into my own little world. When I was younger I would definitely have said that I preferred live music. The 15………………………. in alive 16……………………….. can be 17……………………… . Nowadays, though, a lot of popular groups only perform at very large 18……………. in front of 19………………… of 20,000 or more and I don’t really like that. I prefer the 20……………………… of listening to recorded music, and the sound quality is better as well. Music really 21………………………. our lives – it can turn a boring, monotonous period of time into a 22……………………… So I think it’s essential to have music and, in fact, all of 23  ……………….. in your life.

 

Đáp án:

  1. eclectic
  2. style
  3. popular
  4. classical
  5. plays
  6. role  
  7. set
  8. mood  
  9. stimulating
  10. relaxing
  11. inspire
  12. distracting
  13. headphones
  14. escape
  15. atmosphere
  16. concert  
  17. electric  
  18. venues
  19. audiences  
  20. intimacy
  21. enriches
  22. magical experience  
  23. the arts

 

4  PRONUNCIATION

Each of the following words has a weak sound or schwa (a), e.g. about. Underline the weak sounds in each word then listen and check your answers. Practise saying the words. There may be more than one schwa in each word.

atmosphere   classical   edition literary   monotonous   musical

festival   fundamental   imagination performance   popular   visual

 

Đáp án:

atmosphere   classical   edition      literary       monotonous      musical

festival   fundamental   imagination     performance   popular   visual

 

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